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There is no scientific evidence that HCG is effective in the treatment of obesity. The meta-analysis found insufficient evidence supporting the claims that HCG is effective in altering fat-distribution, hunger reduction, or in inducing a feeling of well-being. The authors stated “…the use of HCG should be regarded as an inappropriate therapy for weight reduction…” In the authors opinion, “Pharmacists and physicians should be alert on the use of HCG for Simeons therapy. The results of this meta-analysis support a firm standpoint against this improper indication. Restraints on physicians practicing this therapy can be based on our findings.”
Hyperplasia of testicular Leydig cells and ovarian theca-lutein cells is a common histologic finding in infants of diabetic mothers. The functional correlates of this histologic finding were investigated by measurement of the beta-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin, testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, androstenedione, estradiol, and estrone in the amniotic fluid compartment of gestations with male and female fetuses in diabetic mothers (N = 34) and control women (N = 34) at term. When compared with those of control subjects, gestations of diabetic mothers had significantly higher amniotic fluid concentrations of the beta-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin. Gestations with either male or female fetuses in diabetic mothers had significantly higher amniotic fluid testosterone and dihydrotestosterone levels when compared with those of their respective gender controls. In gestations with male fetuses in diabetic mothers there was a significant positive correlation between the beta-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin and testosterone. There was no significant difference in amniotic fluid androstenedione, estradiol, or estrone levels between the gestations of diabetic mothers and those of control women. These results suggest that the testicular Leydig cell and ovarian theca-lutein cell hyperplasia seen in infants of diabetic mothers is due, in part, to elevated levels of human chorionic gonadotropin and is associated with elevated testosterone and dihydrotestosterone concentrations in the amniotic fluid.