Hormone wikipedia

Die Hormonfreisetzung (mit Ausnahme der parakrinen Stimulatoren) erfolgt in der Nähe von Blutgefäßen, die viele kleine Fenster haben, durch die Hormone direkt ins Blut übergehen können. Bei auf die Sekretion von Neuropeptiden spezialisierten Stellen spricht man von Neurohämalorganen . Durch die Bindung eines Stimulus für die Hormonfreisetzung kommt es häufig in der Zelle zu einem Anstieg der intrazellulären Calciumkonzentration. Dieser Calcium -Anstieg erlaubt die Fusion der Zellorganellen, in denen sich die vorgefertigten Hormone befinden, mit der Zellmembran. Sobald die Organellenmembran mit der Zellmembran fusioniert ist, haben die Hormone freien Zugang zum Raum außerhalb der Zelle und können in die dort benachbarten Blutgefäße durch die gefensterte Blutgefäßwand wandern.

The syndrome can present with variable symptoms , even between members of the same family harboring the same mutation. [1] Typically most or all tissues are resistant to thyroid hormone, so despite raised measures of serum thyroid hormone the individual may appear euthyroid (have no symptoms of over- or underactivity of the thyroid gland ). The most common symptoms are goiter and tachycardia . It has also been linked to some cases of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), although the majority of people with that diagnosis have no thyroid problems. [4]

An example of positive feedback is the hormone that causes childbirth (when babies are born.) The hormone that causes this is oxytocin . This hormone is made by the pituitary gland . When the baby starts coming out, it stretches the muscle in the cervix (the bottom of the uterus ). Nerves in the cervix send a message to the pituitary. This message makes the pituitary release more oxytocin. The oxytocin then causes the muscles of the uterus to contract, or squeeze. This causes more stretching in the cervix. This stretching then tells the pituitary to make even more oxytocin. So levels of oxytocin keep rising until the squeezing or contractions of the uterus force the baby out.

Many hormones and their structural and functional analogs are used as medication . The most commonly prescribed hormones are estrogens and progestogens (as methods of hormonal contraception and as HRT ), [12] thyroxine (as levothyroxine , for hypothyroidism ) and steroids (for autoimmune diseases and several respiratory disorders ). Insulin is used by many diabetics . Local preparations for use in otolaryngology often contain pharmacologic equivalents of adrenaline , while steroid and vitamin D creams are used extensively in dermatological practice.

Hormone wikipedia

hormone wikipedia

Many hormones and their structural and functional analogs are used as medication . The most commonly prescribed hormones are estrogens and progestogens (as methods of hormonal contraception and as HRT ), [12] thyroxine (as levothyroxine , for hypothyroidism ) and steroids (for autoimmune diseases and several respiratory disorders ). Insulin is used by many diabetics . Local preparations for use in otolaryngology often contain pharmacologic equivalents of adrenaline , while steroid and vitamin D creams are used extensively in dermatological practice.

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